The Incredible New Archaeological Discoveries That Will Change History

The Incredible New Archaeological Discoveries That Will Change History

The footprints and vestiges of the past, unearthed by archaeologists, tell the story of a mysterious and extraordinary human odyssey right up to the most recent history, the one we thought we knew everything about. With each great discovery, history is shed a new light. Did you know that the tombstone of Maria Sophia von Erthal, the woman who inspired the story of Snow White, has been found, or that a large city more than 9,000 years old has been discovered by archaeologists? Well, it’s time to discover the incredible new archaeological discoveries that will change history. So, make yourself comfortable, because it’s starting.

It’s almost impossible not to know the fairy tale of Snow White and the Seven Dwarves, the 1937 Disney version is famous. At first, many people thought that this story, originally told by the Brothers Grimm, was a fictional tale. But it is agreed by many historians that, in reality, Snow White was inspired by a real story, that of Maria Sophia von Erthal. There are several indisputable similarities between Sophia’s story and that of the princess in the tale. Indeed, Maria, born in 1725 at the time, had an evil stepmother and possessed a mirror speaking an acoustic toy. And that’s not all. The dwarves in Maria’s story are also related to a mining town framed by this mountain. The narrowest tunnel was only accessible by very small miners, who often wore hoods in the way that dwarves are frequently depicted.

So, there are many similarities between the story and Maria’s life. Unfortunately, Maria did not have a happy ending. She was blind, very young, never married and died at the age of 71 in a monastery. However, her tombstone had completely disappeared in 1804, after the demolition of the church in which Maria was buried. After more than a century, the tombstone resurfaced in a house in Bamberg, central Germany, and was donated to the diocesan museum by the family. Hilda is a druidess who lived in the Iron Age and died between 55 and 400 A.D.

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Hilda fascinates scientists. In fact, her discovery is not recent. Her skull was first presented in 1833 by the Phrenological Society of Edinburgh. What makes it quite exceptional is that she died at a relatively advanced age, about sixty years old, while the life expectancy of women at the time was more like thirty. This longevity suggests that the Druidess was probably part of a privileged environment. But what could the woman look like? This is the question Karen Fleming tried to answer. To reconstruct Hilda’s face, she scanned her skull and recorded all her characteristics. After reproducing the bones in wax, she added muscle, then skin.

Finally, she used the measurements taken on the skull to model the whole thing and bring the druidess back to life. And the result is amazing. It shows a wrinkled woman, with hollow cheeks, thin lips and a mouth devoid of teeth, probably due to the diet of the time. However, this is not a simple face. It is a story that Karen Fleming managed to bring back to the forefront with her creation.

Not so long ago, scientists thought that the cradle of modern humanity was in West Africa and that Homo sapiens had appeared just under 200,000 years ago. But all this knowledge is now obsolete. The reason? Well, in 2017, an international team led by paleoanthropologist JeanJacques Jublains conducted excavations at Jebel Irhoud in Morocco, 100 km northwest of Marrakech. Here, archaeologists have made one of the most important discoveries of this century, and with good reason. The fossils found show that modern man probably already populated a large part of Africa 315,000 years ago. These are therefore the oldest traces of our own species known to date. Unsurprisingly, this revelation has challenged the idea of a linear human evolution from West Africa and an Ethiopian Garden of Eden. Rather, the man of today would be the product of groups scattered throughout Africa. Moreover, according to Jebel Irhoud’s archaeologists, this find also questions the representation of the evolution of man, which can be summed up as a monkey that stands upright and becomes a biped of humans.

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Nevertheless, despite the importance of this discovery, archaeological research does not stop there. For most scientists, it is possible to find fossils of Homo sapiens are even older.

The oldest pencil drawing is getting pretty old. For a long time, archaeologists thought that the first scribbles by Picasso in the Paleolithic date back 36,000 years, but a 3.9 cm long fragment covered with crisscrossing red lines has just set back the oldest example of drawings by a Homo sapiens by more than 30,000 years. Indeed, during an excavation in South Africa, in the Blombos cave, Christopher Hinshelwoodโ€™s team found an abstract drawing drawn in ochre on a small piece of ridge, a hardsiliceous rock that has remained preserved for seventythree thousand years. The object, however, does not look like much. Moreover, interpreting this drawing is not a very simple task. Specialists even wonder if, in the minds of the prehistoric inhabitants of this cave, these symbols meant something.

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